Research Lines

1. Culture, Identity and the Body

This research area investigates the multiple interconnectionsbetweenculture, identityand the bodyin the context of diverse social practices. The members of this group consider processes of identificationandself-identification ofindividualsand groupsthrough specific forms of sociability, as well as examining the role ofdynamics of material and symbolic productionin the construction of identity. This area also focuses on the development of a reflectionthat recuperates relationships between bodily and technical disciplinesand language invarious fields of social experience, such as art, religion, scienceand medicine. In more specific terms,the studies undertaken in this areacover the following themes:
 
  1. Identityand territory;
  2. Artistic production (cinema, literature) and social representations;
  3. Practices in health (biomedicine, popular and alternative practices, experiences of illness and cure);
  4. Religionand daily life;
  5. Production and use of biotechnology;
  6. Contexts and forms of useof psychoactive substances.

Associated professors:

  • Antônio da Silva Câmara
  • Edward John Baptista das Neves MacRae
  • Elena Calvo Gonzalez
  • Iara Maria de Almeida Souza
  • Irma Maria Viana da Silva
  • Jorge Luis Bezerra Nóvoa 
  • Leonardo Fernandes Nascimento
  • Lídia Maria Pires Soares Cardel
  • Maria Gabriela Hita
  • Mauro Castelo Branco de Moura
  • Milton Araújo Moura
  • Miriam Cristina Marcilio Rabelo
  • Paulo César Borges Alves

2. Crime, Punishmentand Human Rights

This research stream includessixareasof sociological reflection regarding crime, social control and punishment: (a) the sociocultual and legal definitionsof crimes  and their material and symbolic implications, the motivations, interactions and decisions present in the practice of violent or other crimes; (b) patterns, types, forms and effects of victimization – directand indirect, primary and secondary, multiple and repeated -, with emphasis on social processesofstructuring, informal protections, moral significationsand forms of protection of victims of crimes; (c) responses of theStateand processes of criminalization, patterns of public and private policing, public security policies, the structure and dynamics of mechanisms of formal and informal justice; (d) practices related to the production, saleand use of illegal psychoactive substancestaking into account the impactsof prohibitionist policieson the structuring of the drug market, criminalization of poor and afro-descendent workersand the increase in lethal violence in society; (e) the organization, dynamicsand cultureof prisons, prison violence and gangs, policies of imprisonmentand their effects on the control of crimeand reintegration of detainees; (f) the social repertoire of civil rightsand inequalities, the connectionsbetweenthecollective approvalof violenceand institutional violence, the violation of the bodyand the promotion of human rights
The investigative efforts of these themesis in constant contact with regional, national and international schemes for studies into these themes, in addition to making their evident interrelations visibleand emphasizing their multi and interdisciplinary character. Its mission is to generate new ways of apprehending these phenomena, making the production and circulation ofscientific knowledge possible.

Associated professors:

  • Clóvis Roberto Zimmermann
  • Eduardo Paes-Machado
  • Edward John Baptista das Neves MacRae
  • Luiz Claudio Lourenço
  • Maria Salete Souza de Amorim
  • Mariana Possas

3. Democracy, the Stateand Social Movements 

The research in this streamdeals with contemporary democracy and processes of  globalization, seeking to understand the political participation that occurs in this spherethrough social movements andpoliticalstruggles, which involves political and cultural rights, and relationships with political parties. It is also concernedwithunderstanding political institutions in democratic contexts, the processes of production of public policyand subnational specificities. It considers the theme of the elites, their theories, critiquesandcurrent situationsand analyzes the repercussionsfor the production of political thoughtin Brazil and on the politics of national and state elites. Thematic areas are: 1) Contemporary Democracy, Globalization, Social MovementsandPolitical Contestation; 2) Institutions, Public Policy and Elites; 3). Media, Political Behaviorand Political Culture.

Associated professors:

  • Alvino Oliveira Sanches Filho
  • Anete Brito Leal Ivo
  • Antônio da Silva Câmara
  • Antônio Jorge Fonseca Sanches de Almeida
  • Denise Vitale
  • Jorge Luis Bezerra Nóvoa 
  • Lídia Maria Pires Soares Cardel
  • Maria Salete Souza de Amorim
  • Maria Victoria Espiñeira Gonzalez
  • Mauro Castelo Branco de Moura
  • Paulo Fábio Dantas Neto
  • Ruthy Nádia Laniado
  • Valdemar Ferreira de Araujo Filho

4. Labor and Social Inequality

To develop theoretical and empirical studiesregarding labor and its historical and conceptual transformations, understanding it as a fundamental referencefor the analysis of the social reproductionof workers, the production of poverty, and of social inequality and vulnerability. It seeks to bring together studiesintothe organization/processesof laborand the labor marketand diverse types of social inequality, for example studies into poverty and regional development, in urban and rural areas, highlighting the role of the State and its public and social policies; as well as analyzing the relationships betweenbetween labor and the field of reproductionof workers in the private sector – where the family occupies a central position – and in the public sphere – of responsibility of the Stateand of other solidarity networks that have assumed this role. It also includes diverse dimensions of social inequalitybeyond labor, seeking to explore both specificitiesin terms ofinterconnectionsof dynamicsofgender, generations, and class and race relations, both at the theoretical levelandin the context of empirical studies. This stream is constituted by four main areas:
  1. LABOR AND POWER RELATIONS: Studiesinto the historical transformations of laborprocesses and the work environment, of the labor market, of forms of powerand the resistance of workers, of unions and other forms of collective action, and of social and worker’s rights.
  2. LABOR AND SOCIAL QUESTIONS: Studies into laborand the historical forms of social constitution, reproduction of inequalities, and of the conceptions and configurations of povertyand its main indicatorsand of social and public policy.
  3. LABOR AND SOCIAL REPRODUCTION: Studies into labor, familyand solidarity networks.
  4. GENDER, GENERATIONSand RACE: Studies intoyouth, the elderlyand ethno-racial relations.

Associated professors:

  • Alda Britto da Motta 
  • Anete Brito Leal Ivo
  • Bruno José Rodrigues Durães
  • Clóvis Roberto Zimmermann
  • Inaiá Maria Moreira de Carvalho 
  • Iracema Brandão Guimarães
  • Isabela Fadul de Oliveira
  • Jair Batista da Silva
  • Leonardo Fernandes Nascimento
  • Maria da Graça Druck de Faria 
  • Maria Gabriela Hita
  • Paula Cristina da Silva Barreto
  • Selma Cristina Silva de Jesus